نقش دانش بومی در حفاظت، احیا و بهره‌برداری پایدار از مرتع در حوزه خورتاب رودبار، شهرستان نور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه منابع طبیعی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نور، نور، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مرت عداری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نور، نور، ایران

3 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، گروه منابع طبیعی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد نور، نور، ایران

چکیده

دانش بومی نقش مهمی در مدیریت پایدار منابع طبیعی اجرا م یکند. این تحقیق در حوز هی آبخیز خورتاب رودبار، شهرستان نور، با هدف بررسی نقش دانش بومی در حفاظت، احیا و بهر هبرداری از مرتع انجام شد. نمون هگیری تصادفی در چارچوب توصیفی-پیمایشی انجام شد. جم عآوری داده ها با پرسش نامه در قالب طیف لیکرت به کار رفت. روایی پرسش نامه براساس نظر کارشناسان و متخصصان، و پایایی آن با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ صورت گرفت. جامع هی آماری شامل 280 نفر از بهره برداران منطقه بود، که 40 نفر ایشان با رابط هی کوکران انتخاب شدند. تجزیه و تحلیل داد هها با کاربرد نرم افزار اس پی اس اس و با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی اسپیرمن و وایازی خطی صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که میان میزان استفاده از دانش بومی و مشارکت بهره بردارن رابطه یی معن یدار با ضریب همبستگی 686 / 0 در سطح اطمینان 99 درصد وجود دارد، ب هطور یکه مشارکت بهره برداران در احیای مرتع بی شتر از بخش حفاظت و بهر هبرداری از آن بوده است. در نتیجه میتوان گفت که میان دانش بومی و حفاظت، احیا و بهره برداری از مرتع رابطه یی معن یدار وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in the Conservation, Restoration, and Optimization of the Use of Rangeland in the Khurtab Rudbar Basin, the Noor County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jalal Mahmoudi 1
  • Shiva Lotfi 2
  • Seyedeh Khadijeh Mhdavi 3
1 Associate of Department of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Noor branch, Noor, Iran
2 MS.C Range management Islamic Azad University, Noor branch, Noor, Iran
3 Assistant of Department of Natural Resources, Islamic Azad University, Noor branch, Noor, Iran
چکیده [English]

Indigenous knowledge plays an important role in the sustainable management of natural resources. This study was performed on the Khurtab Rudbar watershed, the Noor County, to investigate the role of indigenous knowledge in the conservation, restoration, and sustainable utilization of the rangeland. The stratified random sampling method was performed in the descriptive-survey type framework. The Questionnaires used in data collection was based on the Likert Spectrum. Validation of the research tools was confirmed by seeking expert opinion and their reliability by determining the Cronbach٫s alpha coefficient for the main variables. The sampling population consisted of 280 area stakeholders, out of which 40 were selected by using the of the Cochran٫s relationship. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software, determining the Spearman٫s correlation coefficient, and calculating the significance of correlation coefficient of the linear regression. The results indicated that there existed a significant relationship between the levels of indigenous knowledge of the graziers and their participation in the study with the correlation coefficient of 0.686 and the confidence level at the 99%. This further indicated that the stakeholder٫s participation in the rangeland restoration was more effective than their influence in its protection and sustainable utilization. The take home message is: Application of the indigenous knowledge is essential for the sustainable management of the rangeland.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • conservation
  • exploitation
  • indigenous knowledge
  • rehabilitation
Abdinejad GH, Nateghi D. 2010. Desert and
counter desertification in Iran. Press paunch. 264 p.
Afsharzadeh N, Papzan A. 2011. Indigenous knowledge
of nutrition of livestock of IlKalhor. Journal of
Rangeland. 5 (3): 322–333. (In Persian).
Agrawal A. 1995. Dismantling the Divide between
indigenous and scientific knowledge development
and change . 26 (3): 413–439.
Arabioun A. 2002. Analysis of knowledge and
application of indigenous people٫s knowledge in
livestock and rangeland management. Journal of
and Rangeland Research and desert of Iran. 9 (1):
18–25. (In Persian).
Chaharsoughi H, Mirdamadi M. 2008. Recognizing
and analyzing the components affecting sustainable
agriculture among female farmers in Bandar
Anzali, with emphasis on indigenous knowledge of
rice cultivation in the region. Journal of Agricultural
Science of Iran. 5 (1): 25–32. (In Persian).
Dialla BE. 1994. The adaption of soil conservation
practices in Burkina Faso, Indigenous knowledge

and development monitor. 2 (1): 1–10.
Emadi MH, Arabioun B. 2004. Familiarity with the
role, necessity and nature of indigenous knowledge
in the process of sustainable rural development and
the methods of collecting and recording of this .Educational
pamphlet with the design of soldiers. 83
p. (In Persian).
Heady R. 1990. Rural development, putting the last
first, Longman and Technical Publisher, London.
U.K.
Holt G, David A, Wilson G. 1989. The Effect of
commercial fertilization on forage production utilization
on a desert rang site. Journal of Rang Management.
14 (50): 252–256.
Karimian AA. 2012. The role of native domestics
and popular participation in management of rangeland
of arid and deserts, Institute of Research of
Forests and Rangelands of Iran. Proceeding of the
5th National Conference on range and range management
of Iran. 413 p. (In Persian).
Kazemi M. 1997. Native knowledge and technology
of soil conservation in the Zohreh River Watershed
Basin: Application of Qualitative Research,
Master٫s Degree, Shiraz University. 117 p. (In Persian).
Kazemi M, Shahvali M. 2003. The aerial and empirical
model for soil conservation using indigenous
knowledge African journal of indigenous
knowledge system. 2 (1): 25–36.
Khalighi N. 2004. Investigating the role of indigenous
knowledge of immigration and ownership in
Participation of villagers in optimal utilization of
rangelands (Chakand Watershed of Birjand town).
Journal of Agricultural and Natural Resources Iran.
59 (3): 741–757. (In Persian).
Razavi M. 2005. Native knowledge, agriculture
and natural resources and its adaptation to modern
knowledge. Journal of Jehad. 269: 72–78. (In Persian).
Samari D. 2003. Engineering of the promotion of
social forestry of Zagros forests, Ph.D thesis of agricultural
extension and education. Islamic Azad
University, Science and Research Branch. 90 p. (In
Persian).
Warren DM. 1993. Networking for indigenous
knowledge, indigenous and development monitor.1
(1): 2–4.
Yousefi J. 2010. Indigenous knowledge with emphasis
on rural regions and aristocratic of Iran.
Press Rahe Soubhan. 660 p. (In Persian).